Vol. 1, Issue 5 (2016)
The analysis of the teaching habit effect based on conventional learning in empowering metacognitive skills and critical thinking skills of senior high school students in Malang, Indonesia
Author(s): Yunawati Sele, A, Duran Corebima, Sri Endah Indriwati
Abstract: Teaching habit based on conventional learning is still maintained in learning activities at school. It becomes a problem that must be solved because a lot of research results report that conventional learning strategy has lower potential than innovative learning strategies in the empowerment of students’ metacognitive skills and critical thinking skills. This study was conducted by comparing the potential of conventional learning strategy and that of innovative learning strategies including Reciprocal Teaching (RT), Think Pair Share (TPS) and RT integrated with TPS learning. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of teaching habits based on conventional learning in the empowerment of metacognitive skills and critical thinking skills of senior high school students in Malang, Indonesia. This study was conducted in the first semester of 2015/2016 academic year. The research subjects were the students of class X of State Senior High School (SSHS) 6 Malang and SSHS 9 Malang. The results of the study showed that the conventional learning had the lowest potential in empowering the students’ metacognitive skills and their critical thinking skills. The increase of metacognitive skills in conventional learning was 60,582% lower than that of TPS learning strategy, 73,765% lower than that of RT learning strategy, and 112,886% lower than that of TPS integrated with RT learning strategy. Furthermore, the increase of critical thinking skills in conventional learning was 60,737% lower than that of TPS learning strategy, 81,373% lower than that of RT learning strategy and 133.898% lower than that of TPS integrated with RT learning strategy. The Information about the low potential of conventional learning should inspire teachers to eliminate the habit of conventional teaching and inspire the educational supervisors to carry out their supervisory duties properly and to ensure that the learning process have been implemented as well as possible using the appropriate and innovative learning strategies.