Horticultural innovation practice, challenges and impacts on livelihoods among farmers in Wareng sub-country, Kenya
Author(s): Jepchirchir Tisia, Ekisa T George, Saina K Christopher
Abstract: This paper sought to establish horticultural innovations currently practiced by farmers in Wareng Sub- County, Kenya. This study adopted a descriptive survey method. The sampling frame for this study was 1480 households and 35 technical staff from Ministry of Agriculture in Wareng Sub- County. Systematic random sampling technique was used in selecting 182 household heads and purposive sampling technique was used in selecting 6 technical staff from Ministry of Agriculture Livestock and Fisheries. Both primary and secondary data was obtained for the study. Interviews schedules, questionnaires and observation were used for data collection. The study utilized descriptive analysis techniques. Quantitative data was analyzed by use of measures of frequency distribution such as frequencies, and percentages while qualitative data was summarized and interpreted in line with the research objectives and questions. Results of data analysis were presented in form of figures and tables. The study findings indicated that most of the horticultural farmers in Wareng Sub- County used chemical innovations 27.2%, integrated pest management 17.%63 and biological innovations (new seed varieties) 15.81% in order to increase productivity in their farms. It was recommended that the government should subsidize horticultural farm inputs, fertilizers, pesticides and seeds to enable the farmers afford them so that they increase horticultural farming and also to encourage more farmers to involve themselves in horticultural farming. This study recommends that trainings for the farmers should be farmer tailored. The government should see to it that policies addressing horticultural issues already in place are implemented.