Vol. 1, Issue 11 (2016)
A critical review of obesity and its management
Author(s): Dr. Rajkumar Dhaked, Dr. Mahesh Chand Gupta
Abstract: Obesity and overweight are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. Obesity and overweight are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Once considered a problem only in high income countries, obesity and overweight are now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings. In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults aged 18 years and older were overweight. Of these over 600 million adults were obese. Overall, about 13% of the world’s adult population (11% of men and 15% of women) were obese in 2014. In 2014, 39% of adults aged 18 years and over (38% of men and 40% of women) were overweight. The worldwide prevalence of obesity more than doubled between 1980 and 2014. In 2014, an estimated 41 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight or obese. Once considered a high-income country problem, overweight and obesity are now on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings. Nearly half of the children under 5 who were overweight or obese in 2014 lived in Asia. Overweight and obesity are linked to more deaths worldwide than underweight. Globally there are more people who are obese than underweight – this occurs in every region except parts of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.