Vol. 1, Issue 10 (2016)
The initiatives of I.T.D.A. for tribal development through coffee plantation (With Special reference to Paderu, I.T.D.A. in Visakhapatnam (DT) Andhra Pradesh)
Author(s): Dr. B Rajendra Prasad
Abstract: Scheduled Tribes are simple people with exotic customs, traditions and practices. For centuries they lived a life of geographical isolation. In India primitive tribes have lived for thousands of years in forests and hills without any type of contacts with centers of civilization. There is a need for integrating them into the main stream of the society as rightful members, failing which, the ethnic division would persist and deepen, which is dangerous for the very existence of human sanity and human beings. The basic problem of the tribal people is poverty. The problem of low standard of living, hunger, starvation, malnutrition, illiteracy, disease, poor sanitary and housing facilities etc. are serious compared to the non tribals. Further the non tribals such as money lenders, forest contractors, traders, landlords, officials and politicians have subjected these tribals to exploitation for centuries. This is due to their ignorance of modern institutions, scientific and technological development and changing environment. The ITDA is working in an area categorized as Schedule 5 Area under the Constitution of India commonly known as the Agency Area. The Integrated Tribal Development Agencies (ITDA) was established with the primary object of ensuring an integrated approach towards implementation of developmental programmes for tribals in the sub plan area. The main aim of this paper is the author of this paper completed his Ph.D. in 2012 on Tribal Development in India up to X Plan (A case study of ITDA Paderu). So in continuation of my research work I have concentrated on coffee plantation, initiative taken by the ITDA Paderu for the Scheduled Tribes economic benefit.